This is the minimal list of links that I think you need to get up and running with node, express, and a fully functioning node site.
Express gives you Sinatra-like routing. It gives you the baseline to be able to run a functioning web app.
Mongoose gives you pretty syntax for accessing MongoDB models. It can be your data layer.
The default HAML-like template format for express
it's a package manager like gem or CPAN for the node universe -- install, compile, update all from one command line.
NPM module listing
listings of useful NPM projects, super useful.
How to Node.org
Great up-to-date blog, thanks for the suggestion @DShankar!
Nodepad: An in-depth tutorial
How to write a full app, In 15 parts...
Node JS for my tiny ruby brain
via technoweenie of github
socket.io - easy realtime long polling library
Node Inspector - debugging for your server
nvm - node version manager, kind of like rvm but for node -- cleanly lets you switch between node.js interpreter versions